The court rejected Google's arguments against the 2012 tax raid and ordered the US company to cover legal expenses for the appeal.
According to news weekly Canard Enchaine, French tax authorities have made a billion-euro ($1.3 billion) claim against Google over financial transfers between Google's Irish holding company and its French unit for four tax years.
Google France told AFP this week that it had received no such tax claim, and that it complies with tax laws in all the countries in which it operates.
According to the court decision dated August 31, the French tax authorities believe that "the company Google Ireland Limited in practice carries out commercial activities in France using the human and material resources of the company Google France, without making the corresponding tax declarations."
Google reduces the amount of tax it pays in France by funneling most revenue through a Dutch-registered intermediary then to a Bermuda-registered holding of Google Ireland Limited, before reporting it in low-tax Ireland.
According to estimates, Google generated between 1.25 billion and 1.4 billion euros in revenue in France last year, primarily from internet advertising. It paid only a little more than 5 million euros in tax, however.
Google also rejected a report by the Canard Enchaine that the tax issue was brought up during a Monday meeting between French President Francois Hollande and Google chief Eric Schmidt.
The weekly said the tax claim was being used to pressure Google to compromise in a dispute over compensation to French news media websites.
The websites want the search engine to hand over a percentage of advertising revenue Google earns from directing users to their news content.
Google has threatened it would remove French media websites from its search results instead of handing over a share the advertising revenue.
Hollande has warned France will adopt a law to settle the dispute if Google fails to reach an agreement with French media by the end of the year.